Croatia occupies the largest part of the eastern coast of the Adriatic Sea which, as a part of the Mediterranean Sea, penetrates deepest into European soil. Croatia’s shoreline and numerous islands enjoy the majority of the Adriatic coastline. The narrow Dinara Mountain Range separates the country’s Mediterranean region from its central European continental part, which spans from the easterly edges of the Alps in the North-West to the shores of the Danube in the East, encompassing the southern part of the fertile Pannonian lowlands.


There are three climate zones in Croatia: in the country`s continental interior the prevailing climate zone is moderately continental, while the mountain climate prevails at 1200 m above the sea level. The areas along the Adriatic coast have a pleasantly mild Mediterranean climate with a large number of sunny days, summers are hot and dry and the winters are mild and wet.

The average temperatures in the continental interior are January -2 °C to 0 °C, with somewhat lower temperatures in the mountains. July temperatures reach 20-22 °C and around 13°C in the highlands. The average temperatures in the Adriatic coast are January 5-9°C and July 23-26°C. Winter sea temperature is about 12°C and it reaches 25°C in the summer.

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The official currency in Croatia is the kuna. Foreign currency can be exchanged in exchange offices, banks, post offices and in the majority of tourist information offices, hotels and campsites.

Credit cards (Eurocard / Mastercard, Visa, American Express and Diners) are accepted in almost all hotels, marinas, restaurants, shops and cash machines.


The mainland covers an area of 56 594 km2 and the coastal waters cover a surface area of 31 479 km2.

The population of Croatia is 4105 267 inhabitants.

Highest peak Dinara is 1831 m above sea level.

The majority of the population are Croats, with the largest minorities being Serbs, Bosnians, Slovenes, Hungarians, Czechs, Italians and Albanians.

Zagreb is the capital and the largest city of Croatia with an estimated population of 804 507 inhabitants. It is a city well known for its economy, transport, high quality of living, museums, sport and entertainment events.

6 278 km, of which 4 398 km is made up of island coastlines, solitary rocks and reefs.

1244. The largest islands are Cres and Krk and the smallest island is Smokvica Vela (Kornati) with an area of 1.04 km2.

A valid passport or some other identification document recognised by international agreement; for certain countries a personal identity card is sufficient (a document which testifies to the identity and citizenship of the bearer). Information: Diplomatic missions and consular offices of the Republic of Croatia abroad or the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration of the Republic of Croatia. Tel: +385 1 4569 964, e-mail:, web:

In order to travel with your pet to Croatia, you will need to complete the following requirements:

  • Pets must have a microchip
  • Pets must have a pet passport, be at least 105 day old and must be vaccinated against rabies
  • Proof of ownership

Up to five pets can be imported at border crossings approved for the circulation of certain house pets.If your pet does  not meet these criteria, then your entry into the Republic of Croatia may be denied and your pet can be returned to the country of origin or quarantined at the permitted border crossing. The owner will bear all costs arising from the implementation of these measures. In line with the Regulations on veterinary conditions for the non-commercial transportation of pets, the following animals species are considered as pets: dogs, cats, pet ferrets (Mustela putorius) from the marten family (Mustelidae), invertebrates (except for bees and crayfish), ornamental tropical fish, amphibians, reptiles, all bird species (except for poultry), rodents and rabbits.

There are hospitals and clinics located in all larger towns and cities, while smaller centres have dispensaries and pharmacies only. Foreign visitors who are covered by health insurance in their own country are not obliged to pay for emergency medical services during a private stay in the Republic of Croatia if a convention on Social Security has been signed between Croatia and the visitors’ country of origin, i.e. if they have in their possession a certificate stipulated by such a convention confirming their right to health care. Health care (including transport) is used for emergency cases in the manner and according to regulations valid for Croatian citizens covered by Social Security, with identical participation in health care costs (participation). Persons coming from countries with which no such convention has been signed personally bear the costs of health services rendered. For further information, please contact the Croatian Institute for Health Insurance Tel: +385 1 4806 333.

1 January – New Year’s Day

6 January – Epiphany

22 March – 25 April – Easter Sunday & Easter Monday (moving holidays)

1 May – Labour Day

21 May – 24 June – The feast of Corpus Christi (moving holiday)

30 May – Statehood day

22 June – Anti-Fascist Resistance Day

5 August – Victory Day and National Thanksgiving Day

15 August – Assumption Day

1 November – All Saints Day

18 November – Remembrance day for the victims of Homeland war, Vukovar and Škabrnja

25-26 December – Christmas holidays

112 is a common emergency telephone that can be dialed free of charge from mobile phones and mixed telephones in order to reach emergency services (ambulance, fire and rescue, police).

This number can be reached any time, day or night, regardless of where you are in the Republic of Croatia or in the European Union. Calls to this number are free of charge. Calls can be made through all operators and all telephone devices by dialling 112. In the event of an accident, the 112 Centre can be contacted in any one of the following foreign languages: English German Italian Hungarian Slovakian Czech CALL 112! If you need: Emergency medical assistance, The assistance of fire fighters, The assistance of the police, The assistance of the Mountain Rescue Service, The assistance of other emergency services and operative search and rescue forces. If you see: a fire, spills or leaks of dangerous substances, pollution of drinkable water, streams, rivers, or the sea, other instances which present a danger to the life and health of people or animals, cultural heritage or the environment. When you call, pass the following information: what happened, where it happened, when it happened, are there any injured persons, what the injuries are, what assistance is required, who is calling.

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